ranking of the Sins' seriousness was based on the degree from which they offended against love. they were, from most serious to least: pride, envy, anger, sadness, avarice, gluttony, and lust. later theologians, including St. Thomas Aquinas, would contradict the notion that the seriousness of the sins could be ranked in this way.
as opposed to these sins are the cardinal virtues, the theological virtues, the seven contrary virtues, the seven heavenly virtues, and the seven corporal works of mercy.
the cardinal virtues are prudence, temperance, courage, and justice. the theological virtues are love, hope, and faith. the seven contrary virtues are humility, kindness, abstinence, chastity, patience, liberality, and diligence (to protect once against temptations of each of the deadly sins). the seven heavenly virtues are faith, hope, charity, fortitude, justice, temperance, and prudence. the seven corporal works of mercy were feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, give shelter to strangers, clothe the naked, visit the sick, minister to prisoners, and bury the dead.